Summary Report: Congressional Action on the FY2013 Disaster Supplemental

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William L. Painter

Troop Readiness, Veterans' Care, Katrina Recovery, and Iraq Accountability Appropriations Act, , to the extent that revenues of the local government during the period following a major disaster are insufficient to meet the local government budget, including additional disaster-related expenses of a municipal character. Prescribes requirements for calculation of a community's revenues, especially certain exclusions, inclusions, and other criteria.

Authorizes applicant submission to a certain arbitration process if FEMA is found to have misapplied its rules and regulations in determining claims and costs eligibility. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act with respect to the federal contribution to the cost of cost-effective hazard mitigation measures which substantially reduce the risk of future damage, hardship, loss, or suffering in any area affected by a major disaster.

Requires the President to ensure that adequate resources are devoted to ensuring that applicable environmental reviews under NEPA and historic preservation reviews under the National Historic Preservation Act are completed expeditiously using the shortest existing applicable process. Authorizes the President to use additional expedited procedures for the purpose of providing assistance, such as those under the FEMA Prototype Programmatic Agreement, for: 1 the consideration of multiple structures as a group, and 2 an analysis of the cost-effectiveness and fulfillment of cost-share requirements for proposed hazard mitigation measures.

Amends the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act to authorize the FEMA Administrator, until regulations are promulgated to establish criteria for approving state applications to delegate authority to administer hazard mitigation assistance, to: 1 waive notice and comment rulemaking if necessary to implement expeditiously the hazard mitigation grant program, and 2 carry out as a pilot program certain alternative procedures.

Authorizes the Administrator to approve projects under such alternative procedures for any new major disaster or emergency as well as for any project relating to a major disaster or emergency declared before enactment of this Act for which construction has not begun by the date of enactment.

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Authorizes the Administrator, in coordination with states, tribal, and local governments, and owners or operators of private nonprofit facilities, to adopt alternative procedures to administer assistance for repair, restoration, and replacement of damaged facilities and debris removal. Requires participation in such procedures to be voluntary. Prescribes requirements for alternative procedures for repair, restoration, and replacement of damaged facilities, including: 1 making grants on the basis of fixed estimates, if the state, tribal, or local government, or owner or operator of the private nonprofit facility grant recipient agrees to be responsible for any actual costs exceeding the estimate; 2 allowing grant recipients to elect to receive an in-lieu contribution, without reduction, on the basis of estimates of repairs, restoration, reconstruction, or replacement as well as management expenses; and 3 consolidating grant recipient facilities as a single project based upon the estimates adopted under the procedures.

Prescribes requirements for alternative procedures for debris removal, including: 1 making grants on the basis of fixed estimates to provide financial incentives and disincentives for the timely or cost effective completion if the grant recipient agrees to be responsible to pay for any actual costs exceeding the estimate; 2 using a sliding scale for the federal share for removal of debris and wreckage based on the time it takes to complete such removal; 3 reimbursing base and overtime wages for employees and extra hires of a grant recipient performing or administering such removal; and 4 providing incentives to state, tribal, and local governments to have a FEMA-approved debris management plan and to have pre-qualified one or more debris and wreckage removal contractors before the date of declaration of the major disaster.

Revises requirements for federal agency assistance essential to meeting immediate threats to life and property resulting from a major disaster to authorize the President, if declaring a major disaster or emergency for an area within the jurisdiction of a state, tribal, or local government, to reimburse the government for costs relating to basic pay and benefits or overtime and hazardous duty compensation for permanent employees of the government conducting emergency protective measures if the work is not typically performed by them and may otherwise be carried out by contract or agreement with private organizations, firms, or individuals.

Requires the President, in order to expedite the recovery process, to establish an expedited and unified interagency review process meeting specified criteria to ensure compliance with federal environmental and historic requirements relating to disaster recovery projects. Authorizes the President to provide financial assistance to meet disaster-related child care expenses to any individual or household in a state who is adversely affected by a major disaster.

Authorizes the President, to the extent it is a cost-effective alternative to other temporary housing options, to: 1 enter into renewable month lease agreements with owners of multifamily rental property located in major disaster areas to house individuals and households eligible for assistance; and 2 make repairs or improvement to properties under such lease agreements, to the extent necessary to serve as safe and adequate temporary housing.

Congress passes disaster relief bill

Prescribes a procedure for the Chief Executive of an affected Indian tribal government to request a major disaster or emergency declaration by the President. Grants the President authority to waive or adjust a non-federal contribution cost share with respect to disaster assistance.

Directs the Chair of the Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding Task Force to report to specified congressional committees on: 1 the impacts of Hurricane Sandy on local government budgets in states where a major disaster has been declared, 2 the availability of loans from private sources to address such impacts, 3 the availability of federal resources to address the budgetary impacts of Hurricane Sandy upon local governments, 4 the ability of the Community Disaster Loan program to address those budgetary impacts effectively and expeditiously, and 5 potential consequences of federal action or inaction to address those budgetary impacts.

Makes supplemental disaster assistance appropriations to the Environmental Protection Agency EPA for: 1 environmental programs and management, 2 the Hazardous Substance Superfund, and 3 state and tribal assistance grants. Makes supplemental disaster assistance appropriations to: 1 the Department of Agriculture for the Forest Service, and 2 the Smithsonian Institution. Makes supplemental disaster assistance appropriations to the Department of Housing and Urban Development HUD for community planning and development.

Title XI - Sec. Deems all programs and activities receiving funds under this Act "susceptible to significant improper payments" for purposes of the Improper Payments Information Act of Directs agencies, in accordance with OMB guidance, to identify those grants for which the funds provided by this Act should be expended by the grantees within the month period following obligation of funds for the grant. Requires each agency to include in every grant a term: 1 requiring the grantee to return any funds not expended within the month period; and 2 allowing the agency head to issue subsequently a waiver of this requirement based on a determination that exceptional circumstances justify an extension of such period.

Requires sponsors of projects for repairing, rebuilding, or restoring infrastructure and restoring land to consider, where appropriate, the increased risks and vulnerabilities associated with such future events. Makes funds under this Act available to develop, in partnership with state, local, and tribal officials, regional projections and assessments of future risks and vulnerabilities to such events that may be used for response, recovery, and rebuilding planning , and to encourage coordination and facilitate long-term community resiliency.

Do you engage with non-profits on Twitter or Facebook? Communication gap between civil and military administrations often crops up during crisis management. Proper and timely communication between each other help achieve the goal. Both civil and military administrations must work together to achieve common goal ie to serve the nation. Deviation from this goal meets with failure. Since disasters such as cyclones, tornadoes, tidal surge, etc.

FY12222 Disaster Supplemental Appropriations: Overview

Toggle navigation Library. William L. Donate here to support its Matthew relief efforts. The emergency preparedness community has tended to view its role exclusively as preparing for and reacting to emergencies and has therefore neglected linking preparedness to long-term mitigation issues. Furthermore, emergency centers have paid insufficient attention to the vulnerability of their own infrastructure.

The controlling language for some of the appropriations in this measure evolved significantly over time since consideration of supplemental appropriations for disaster relief and recovery were first initiated late in the th Congress. For example, as additional disaster needs arose, the appropriation provided for the Office of the Secretary for the U. Department of Agriculture that was proposed in Division C of H.

William L. Painter

The controlling language changed to broaden the potential application of the assistance as well additions are shown in bold : "for necessary expenses related to losses of crops including milk, on-farm stored commodities, crops prevented from planting in , and harvested adulterated wine grapes , trees, bushes, and vines, as a consequence of Hurricanes Michael and Florence, other hurricanes, floods, tornadoes, typhoons, volcanic activity, snowstorms, and wildfires occurring in calendar years and under such terms and conditions as determined by the Secretary.

Once Congress appropriates funding for disaster relief and recovery costs, the timeline for when that funding is used varies significantly from program to program. Comparison of these timelines in an effort to assess program efficiency requires an understanding of differences in mission and program structure to ensure assessments are made in context. For example, within relief provided through the DRF, some costs are borne up front, such as emergency protective measures and much of the individual assistance program, and funding is obligated and expended relatively quickly.

Other costs incurred by state and local governments are reimbursed by the federal government after the work is complete—projects to restore major infrastructure often follow this model and can take longer to obligate and expend the appropriated funding e. Other redevelopment funds may take time to be obligated as eligible state and local governments must develop a plan and have it approved—this process cannot begin until the funds are provided to the program and official announcements of the grant competition process are made e. Because of these varying and extended timelines, disaster recovery funding is often provided without an expiration date.

However, appropriations provided for operational costs, damage to facilities, and specifically targeted grant programs with a limited purpose may be provided with a limited term of availability. Concerns about waste, fraud, and abuse exist for a variety of federal programs, but supplemental disaster relief often receives special attention due to the fact that it is unusual, highly visible, provided in chaotic situations, and meant to address pressing needs.

The federal government has encountered challenges in effectively tracking some federal disaster relief spending. GAO noted in the report that. At least 5 federal departments and agencies reported that some disaster assistance programs or activities are not separately tracked because spending related to these activities is generally subsumed by a department's general operating budget or mission-related costs. For example, U.

Coast Guard officials stated that most of the agency's disaster-related costs are associated with maintaining a constant state of readiness to immediately respond to disaster and emergency incidents, which is funded from the U. Coast Guard search and rescue appropriation and is not separately tracked. Similarly, the Army has deployed personnel in anticipation of a possible disaster event, even when FEMA has not requested the support.

If a disaster does not occur or the activity does not result in a FEMA mission assignment, the Army will not be reimbursed for prepositioning personnel or assets in anticipation of an event and therefore may categorize the expenditure as training in the event of a disaster. Another 4 federal departments and agencies reported that obligations and expenditures specific to disaster assistance activities are not tracked or cannot be reliably estimated because there is no requirement for state or other recipients of the financial support to indicate whether or how much of the funding or assistance is used for disasters.

Placing consistent reporting requirements on agencies providing assistance through disaster-applicable programs would be one way to obtain a clearer picture of precisely how much the federal government is spending on disaster relief and recovery.

Summary Report: Congressional Action on the FY Disaster - Library

Such reporting requirements could include pass-through requirements to state and local governments that receive the funds to provide contract and subcontract data to the providing federal agency. This could help inform budgeting decisions, and determine if a particular program is providing fewer resources than anticipated to its nondisaster missions. On its own, however, such information cannot provide an answer to questions of whether such funds are subject to waste, fraud, or abuse. Answering such questions requires detailed analysis of the individual programs and activities funded, how they complement or duplicate other assistance programs, and whether they are providing the assistance Congress intended.

On February 2, , OMB issued a memorandum to all federal chief financial officers and budget officers about new Administration guidelines for tracking emergency funding and disaster relief funding.

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Under these guidelines, agencies will be required to track these resources, starting with the first of the three disaster supplemental appropriations, by applying a special accounting code to those resources. Prior to , the last time Congress attempted to track the use of a large amount of supplemental appropriations was in the wake of Hurricane Sandy.

At that time, a provision of P. The RATB had its mission extended and funded by Congress for FY, 49 but its authority lapsed at the end of that year and it shut down. The office coordinated its efforts with the RATB and provided public information on the status of funding as reported by the agencies.

One potential issue is that it is not always straightforward to compare the information provided by different agencies. The conclusions that might be drawn from data gathered by the RATB and the PMO were potentially limited by the fact that the agencies reporting their data did not use a consistent methodology. For example, while some agencies reported specifically on the resources provided by P. The Schumer Amendment was essentially identical to H.

Record vote 9, on invoking cloture on S. Cloture votes require three-fifths of all Senators to vote in the affirmative to limit further debate of a question. Regular annual appropriations were provided in P. Record vote 55, on invoking cloture on S. FEMA considers declarations to include approval of wildfire management assistance, fire suppression authorization, emergencies, and major disasters. Defined by FEMA as "a disaster or a grouping of disasters i. Supplemental disaster assistance appropriations measures regularly provide resources for both past and future disasters.

A supplemental appropriations request to address border security and humanitarian issues at the U. This exception was first formalized in the Budget Enforcement Act of P. These included providing funding for the Census and alleviating a shortfall in funding for veterans' health care during the U. Painter, for details on the initial use of the emergency designation for disaster relief in the BCA era. Offsets are negative budget authority, usually generated by reductions in prior appropriations, that reduces the net total budget authority provided in a bill.

Michael Enzi, " H. Letter from Jeffrey D. Painter, pp. Ryan, Speaker of the House of Representatives, November 17, , p. As this language is not universally applied, is not geographically specific, and often takes different forms across more complex supplemental appropriations measures, it usually is not sufficient to develop totals of disaster assistance funding provided to specific states or localities.

For examples of such limitations in the context of FY disaster supplemental appropriations, see the list of appropriations prior to Table 1.


FEMA does not track its appropriations by the measure that provided them, but rather by the disaster declarations they respond to. Topic Areas About Donate. The report also includes a discussion of issues that commonly arise during debate on supplemental appropriations, including the relative timeliness of supplemental appropriations; adjustments to spending limits that are often applied to them; offsets for disaster relief and recovery appropriations; the appropriate scope of supplemental appropriations; timelines for obligation of funding; and oversight of supplemental spending.

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Summary Report: Congressional Action on the FY2013 Disaster Supplemental Summary Report: Congressional Action on the FY2013 Disaster Supplemental
Summary Report: Congressional Action on the FY2013 Disaster Supplemental Summary Report: Congressional Action on the FY2013 Disaster Supplemental
Summary Report: Congressional Action on the FY2013 Disaster Supplemental Summary Report: Congressional Action on the FY2013 Disaster Supplemental
Summary Report: Congressional Action on the FY2013 Disaster Supplemental Summary Report: Congressional Action on the FY2013 Disaster Supplemental
Summary Report: Congressional Action on the FY2013 Disaster Supplemental Summary Report: Congressional Action on the FY2013 Disaster Supplemental

Related Summary Report: Congressional Action on the FY2013 Disaster Supplemental

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